About Friends of Albany Hill

FAH logo
Albany Hill is a little island oasis in an urban area next to the east shore of the San Francisco Bay. Friends of Albany Hill is a decades-old citizens organization that has fought development on Albany Hill, raised funds for purchase of open space on the hill, educated the community about the biodiversity and historical and cultural significance of the hill, and held stewardship work parties to remove invasive plants, pick up trash, and plant natives.

We currently hold work parties the last Saturday of each month and walks at other times. Check our Facebook and Twitter pages for events or contact us at the email address in the footer of this page. Follow us on our Instagram page to view beautiful shots of the hill and the plants and animals living on it.

History of Friends of Albany Hill  follows Measure R News.

Measure R News:

May 2017 The City of Albany will be making trail improvements on Albany Hill in the next couple of years. Stay tuned for information on public workshops to review proposed improvements.

The city is currently implementing long-awaited vegetation management projects on the hill. Targeted for removal are invasive non-native plants that create fire hazards, out-compete native plants, and diminish wildlife habitat.

11/7/16 Help decide what improvements you would like to see on Albany Hill. Thursday, November 10, 7:30pm, Albany City Hall, 1000 San Pablo Ave, workshop on Albany Hill funding. Measure R, set to expire soon, provides funding for improvements and open space purchase on the hill. The city will be soliciting public input on how to spend the remaining funds for the hill. See Albany Hill/Creekside Master Plan for possible projects: http://www.albanyca.org/index.aspx?page=1014. The plan has 2 components: vegetation management and access/circulation.

7/10/16 Great news! The city of Albany has decided not to change Measure R (the assessment district that provides funding for Albany Hill, creeks, and play fields) at this time, and will be holding a workshop in the next couple of months to further discuss ideas and projects for the hill. Thanks to everyone who wrote letters and came to the city council meeting July 5, and thanks to the mayor and city council members for supporting the hill.

The city had been considering putting an amended Measure R on the November ballot to allow money meant specifically for Albany Hill projects to be used for other parks, although they haven’t fixed 40+ year-old stairs, reduced invasive plants that are taking over the hill and creating fire hazards, made a safe crossing of Cerrito Creek, or installed a wheelchair-accessible entrance at Taft St. A large part of the south end of the hill is still privately owned. Money in Measure R allocated for Albany Hill should be kept for these projects and for land purchase.

Cerrito Creek crossing at Santa Clara StAlbany Hill

unsafe crossing of Cerrito Creek

stairs on trail just below Jackson StAlbany Hill

stairs in disrepair, trail below Jackson St.

ivy in oak forest near Madison St entrance N side Albany Hill

ivy taking over oak forest near Madison St entrance

private parcelW side Albany Hill

private parcel, SW side Albany Hill

Lithophragma affineNE grassy slope near oak forestAlbany HillGPS

woodland star and soap root leaves;  photo by M. Cunningham

History of Friends of Albany Hill

According to Thelma Rubin, an original member as well as a former Albany city council member and mayor, Friends of Albany Hill seems to have started in 1974, when nine residents (including Thelma Rubin, Dario Meniketti, and Catherine Webb) of Albany Hill brought a lawsuit against the city of Albany, councilman Hubert Red  Call and his wife Ruth Call, four other council members, and a development company, Interstate General Development Corporation. Councilman Call had sold 1.1 acres of his Albany Hill land to IGD for $258,000, and IGD then donated the land to the city. The citizens alleged the land Call sold to IGD was overpriced and the transaction was a conflict of interest, since Call was an elected official. IGD was building the Gateview condominium towers on the west side of the hill at the time.

Peter Taussig, a lawyer who lived on Albany Hill, handled the case pro-bono, with Friends of Albany Hill paying legal fees.The suit went through many courts and IGD and Call filed counter-suits against the city and the nine plaintiffs. Rubin recalled that, although she was being sued for one million dollars, she and her husband were still able to receive a car loan they applied for.

In 1985 the California Supreme Court ruled in favor of the nine citizens and ordered Call to pay the city the amount he received from the sale of his land plus interest.

DSCN8366 - Version 2

Thelma Rubin (94), original member of Friends of Albany Hill and former Albany city council member & mayor, looking at Friends of Albany Hill web site with Margot Cunningham, who revived Friends of Albany Hill in 2015; photo by Carole Fitzgerald

Fighting development and preserving the hill in the 1990’s
In 1989 Carole Fitzgerald, an artist living near Albany Hill since 1973, came back from a rain forest benefit and read in a local paper that a developer was going to cut down over 80 eucalyptus trees and oaks on the east side of the hill. “And I thought, You know, it’s time to take care of your own backyard,” she told an interviewer for an Express article in 1992.

She became involved with Citizens to Protect Albany Hill, a group of people who lived on Albany Hill who were fighting the development on steep land between Taft Ave. and Jackson Street. LandVest had obtained approval from the Planning & Zoning Commission to build 37 units on the parcel on the east side of the hill. Fitzgerlad, Guy Chambers, Matthew Minaldi, Marge Zimmerman, and others went to planning commission and city council meetings to speak out against the development. At one city council meeting Fitzgerald recounted that she gave a slide show with music, which the audience loved but one council member protested that the meeting was turning into a circus. The city determined that LandVest’s proposal failed to comply with building and permit requirements and took away its permit. LandVest sued the city, but lost the case and ran out of money.

In 1992 Carole Fitzgerald reactivated Friends of Albany Hill, which had been dormant since 1978, when it fought a previous development scheme along Taft on Albany Hill.

In June 1992, after meeting with the Trust for Public Land, Fitzgerald opened the Save Albany Hill Trust Fund through the Sierra Club Foundation in order to fundraise for purchase of remaining open space, fund stewardship projects, and initiate public education about the cultural, historical, and natural diversity of Albany Hill.

Fitzgerald organized several events to increase awareness of Albany Hill and to fundraise for the trust fund. In June 1992 she organized a seminar called “Stewardship of Albany Hill”, which was held at Albany Middle School and featured lectures, poetry, art, and music on birds, monarchs, cultural resources, and stewardship on the hill, followed by a tour of Albany Hill.

Monarch scientist John Lane spoke about the monarch migration, anthropologist George Cole spoke about the cultural resources on the hill, creek advocate John Steere talked about creek restoration and read his creek poetry, architect Gary Mason made a presentation about the Albany Hill/Creekside Park Master Plan and Vegetation Management Plan, Cynthia Hall of the Trust for Public Land, Lisa Stampfli-Torme of Citizens for Oakland Open Space, and Fitzgerald led a forum on coalition building, and singer-songwriter Judith Freedman sang environmentally-inspired songs.

Friends of Albany Hill sponsored an “Albany Hill Celebration” at Gathering Tribes on Solano Ave. in December 1993, displaying Carole Fitzgerald’s watercolors of nature on Albany Hill. Peter Berg and Sabrina Merlo of Planet Drum, John Steele of East Bay Citizens for Creek Restoration, Gary Mason of Wolf-Mason Architects (the firm that compiled the Albany Hill/Creekside Park Master Plan in 1991), and Fitzgerald held a creek workshop. Malcolm Margolin, publisher of Heyday Books,shared stories about Native Californian culture and the importance of nature on the hill and along the creek. And Michelle Vendiola, a Native American woman born on the San Juan Islands, presented a lecture and video about indigenous people and the environment.

Density limitations and land purchases
Albany voters passed an ordinance in 1994, known as Measure K, that cut housing density by half on the hill from the amount approved in 1978 under Measure D.

A statewide ballot measure, called the California Parks and Wildlife Initiative or CALPAW, was on the ballot in 1994 and would have designated bond money to purchase threatened land and wildlife habitat and restore existing parkland and recreational facilities. Albany had an earmark of $5 million to use toward the purchase of private land on Albany Hill, but the ballot measure did not pass.

In 1995 the city bought the half-acre Able/Lemmon parcel beyond the end of Madison St. with funds from the city and from a 1985 settlement in a conflict-of-interest lawsuit that Friends of Albany Hill brought against a former councilmember (see above). Friends of Albany Hill held a dedication ceremony for the parcel as a pedestrian gateway to Albany Hill.

Friends of Albany Hill lobbied in 1996 for a city advisory measure, known as Measure R, in which 50 percent of revenues from an assessment district would be earmarked for purchase of undeveloped land on Albany Hill as well as for improvement projects on the hill. The other 50%  would go toward construction of athletic fields and restoration of Albany’s creeks. Albany voters approved the measure.

A one-acre parcel at the end of Madison Street, owned by Willis, would require costly capital improvements to be developed, including sewer lines, curbs, and utilities. Using Measure R funds the city purchased the parcel in 1998.

The city bought two more parcels with Measure R funds in 1999: the four-acre Burke parcel between Taft and Jackson (formerly the property of LandVest) and the one-acre Land’s End parcel, also located between Taft and Jackson.


Preston Holland removing ivy from 2nd sycamore along Cerrito Creek, April 1995; photo by Carole Fitzgerald

Stewardship of the hill
Carole Fitzgerald obtained and managed California ReLeaf/National Urban Forestry grants in 1995 and 1996 to fund vegetation management on Albany Hill. The grants matched money for each hour of volunteer labor. Ivy and other non-native vines were removed from around and on the trunks of oaks and other native trees, stands of fennel and French broom were removed, and 19 eucalyptus trees invading the oak forest on the north side of the hill were removed.


removing ivy in oak woodland; Becky Jones, Hortensia Chang, Dan Jones, Joan Strasser, Dan Norris, Ron Schneider; Oct 1995; photo by Carole Fitzgerald


work party removing ivy; Oct 1995; photo by Carole Fitzgerald

1 ivy rolled away from base of oaksphoto by Carole Fitzgerald

after ivy rolled away from base of oaks; Dec 1995; photo by Carole Fitzgerald


2 giant trilliums and ferns fill in where ivy used to be; spring 1996; photo by Carole Fitzgerald

Barbara Ertter got involved with Friends of Albany Hill in the early 1990’s. A botanist from UC Berkeley, she lived next to Albany Hill across Cerrito Creek and would hear frogs croaking and great horned owls hooting. On her explorations of the hill she found a surprising number of native plants–about one-fifth of the 655 native plants in the East Bay–given the hill’s location in the middle of an urban area with freeways on one side and houses and malls on its others sides. She compiled a list of plants on the hill as well as several books of pressed plants. She also led nature walks on the hill: here’s a video from one she led in 1995 as part of the dedication ceremony for the parcel purchased at the end of Madison St on the east side of the hill.


Barbara Ertter, Keith Alcock, Ralph Pericoli, Ron Schneider; 1996; photo by Carole Fitzgerald

As a plant expert she guided volunteers at monthly work parties on when, where, and how to remove non-native plants while allowing the natives already there to spread.

In 1998 Friends of Albany Hill co-sponsored a Stewardship Fair at U.C. Berkeley, where Dr. Peter Raven, internationally renowned botanist and conservationist, gave a talk about Earth Day and the importance of local stewardship efforts.

img0019 - Version 2

workday, W side Albany Hill, June 1998; pulling thistle? Dave MacFarland in white hat in front, Margot Cunningham in back on right, others?; photo by Barbara Ertter

Friends of Albany Hill continued stewardship work days on the hill through the rest of the 1990’s and early 2000’s. Barbara Ertter, Carole Fitzgerald, Robert Langston, an entomologist, Gary Mason, and Tom Pehrson, an arborist, guided volunteers in tree care, learning about native plants, and fire debris removal.

Richard Beidleman, a Research Assistant at the UC and Jepson Herbaria, studied birds on the hill and  compiled a list. He gave a lecture in Albany about his winter bird population survey on the hill.

Robert Langston studied the butterflies and moths on Albany Hill after his retirement and guided volunteers at work parties on which plants were important to lepidopterans (butterflies and moths). He curated insects at the California Academy of Sciences. His and fellow entomologist Jerry Powell’s list of butterflies and moths is posted on this web site.

In 2001 Fitzgerald organized an event on the hill called “Celebrate Mother Earth,” in which Richard Beidleman led a bird walk, Barbara Ertter led a wildflower and native plant walk, and Fitzgerald held a plein air painting session.

With the help of a large donation, Friends of Albany Hill hired Noah Booker of Shelterbelt Builders, Inc in the early 2000’s to restore native bunchgrasses and wildflowers on the hill. The city currently contracts out only basic fire management of vegetation once a year, and as a result, many invasive plants have returned.

After years of energetic activities Friends of Albany Hill went dormant for several years, although Fitzgerald held a few events. In conjunction with the California Monarch Campaign of the Xerces Society Friends of Albany Hill coordinated a monarch count on Thanksgiving Day in 2004.

In 2008 Fitzgerald organized an event on the hill as part of Albany’s centennial celebration. Barbara Ertter led a native plant walk, Alan Kaplan, retired EBRPD naturalist, led a bird walk, and Fitzgerald held a Thanksgiving count of monarch butterflies.

Also in 2008, as part of the Martin Luther King, Jr. Day of Service, Friends of Albany Hill and the city of Albany coordinated a stewardship day on the hill, pulling broom and other invasive, fire-prone plants.

7 thoughts on “About Friends of Albany Hill

  1. Hello Margo, Carol, and Liam–
    Thanks for the informative and inspiring meeting last night. We flew back to Maryland today, but i just openend the Friends of Albany Hill website. I’m eager to study it after I recover from our cross-country flight. Meanwhile, I salute all of you for bringing together this important project!

    Liked by 1 person

  2. Hello Margo. I am inspired by your dedication to and work with your other Albany Hill friends. What great photos and what a wonderful service you are all doing for the community of humans and of course for the native plants and animals who live on the hill and in the surroundings. I am really enjoying your web site. What a great variety of treats, with your photos, your history, fascinating facts and even poetry and art. This is great! Keep up the good work from Terry Weiner, co-founder of the Friends of University Heights Point Open Space in San Diego. I am a member and supporter of the San Diego Canyonlands Coalition and a very good friend of someone who looks a bit like you- Laura Cunningham. Thanks so much for all you are doing. I would love to meet you and go for a botany walk sometime.


  3. Thanks for the informative website and your dedicated stewardship. I treasure Albany Hill as my backyard and as my treehouse view! To future stewardship, cheers!


  4. Great to see people in the east bay taking care of what little nature is left. I thought Albany was just a squalid graffuti covered wasteland. Keep up the good work!


    • what planet do you live on??? Graffiti and squalor in Albany? Come visit sometime. watch this site for our upcoming Monarch Thanksgiving Count, Bird Language workshop, seed ball production of local native plant seeds, etc, Dec. @


Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out / Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out / Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out / Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out / Change )

Connecting to %s